Rheumatism is the term specified for the medical condition in which the patients suffer from joint related issues and issues with connective and soft tissues. The medical practitioner or clinician who looks after such issues and works under this department is called Rumatologist. The term Rheumatology is a Greek word which literally means “to flow as a river” and the suffix –ology stands for study of something. The study of rheumatology surrounds the constant discoveries and inventions of matters related with these issues of tissues and immunology. The diseases which are solved or studied under rheumatology are autoimmune diseases.
A pediatrician or and medical intern who is certified from the board of medical excellence and has been trained well to look after, diagnose and treat patients suffering from autoimmune diseases like Arthritis, joint pain, muscle pain, ligament fractures, soft and connective tissues and spondilytis are called “Rheumatologist”. A rheumatologist has a very difficult task as the patients who come to get treatments are majorly old people, as the autoimmune diseases usually attack after certain age limit. Mostly the patients are above the age of 50-55 hence the clinician who are handling and managing them should have very high tolerance level or else they would have fallout with the patient.
Training of Rheumatologist
People think that as the Rheumatalogist deals with external issues like joint pain and arthritis they need not study much and get into the business. Due to this myth people do not take them or this profession very seriously, which is absolutely incorrect. A rheumatologist goes through intense training and polishing sessions before getting into the practical shoes. There are proper courses for studying rheumalogy in esteemed institutes. These courses are a specialized course which goes on for four years which is no less than any other Medical training. The training is very elaborate and extensive where the students needs to go through grueling sessions and examinations, once they gather knowledge enough to understand the practical knowhow of a clinical work they get to sit for examinations through which they get the chance of serving different clinics as interns or rheumatology practitioners. In order to get into the internship the students need to pass several examinations, both theoretical and practical, once they cross the exams they get the certification from the concerned medical department on whose permission they carry on their internship. Cracking the exams are also not a cake walk, it requires utmost seriousness and concentration on studies.
Scope of treatments under a Rheumatologist
Scope of a rheumatologist is wide spread, they can diagnose a large number of diseases majorly the ones which are auto-immune, few are listed below;
• rheumatoid arthritis
• back pain
• musculoskeletal pain disorders
• juvenile arthritis
• Behçet’s disease
• Neck pain
• Reiter’s syndrome
• Psoriatic arthritis
• Ankylosing spondylitis
• Sjögren syndrome
• antiphospholipid syndrome
When do you need a Rheumatalogist
The need of a rheumatologist can come at anytime of your life. They are basically for auto-immune diseases. The auto-immune diseases come at the later age of our lives, at or around 50-60, but there are exceptional cases where even young people of 30-40 get affected by these diseases. Arthritis, backpain, neck pain and spondilytis are few of the common diseases happening with young people due to excess work pressure, long duty hours, sitting at one posture for long time, eating junk and rich food, working in front of computers etc. These diseases do not attack you all of a sudden like fever or jaundice, neither do you see the symptoms so easily. It’s a lengthy process where the symptoms start to appear very slowly, you need to keep a constant check of your body with a Rheumatalogist to avoid any severe concern. The usual symptoms which begins to appear are Joint stiffness (especially in the morning), Fatigue, fevers, visible lumps appearing all of a sudden, Joint pain, swelling tissues, ligament tear etc. These symptoms can lead to severe problem hence you should get yourself checked with a good Rheumatalogist as soon as you start experiencing these issues.